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A Glossary of Turkish Cuisine
Turkish Words and Phrases
The following listings, recipes and texts will further your understanding of this cuisine, whether planning for a future trip, or to enjoy at home. "C" is pronounced "j" in Turkish. The Turkish alphabet uses letters with the cedilla, or tail. For pronunciation purposes, the spellings have changed here from the cedilla "c" or "s" for example: to "ch" and "sh" for phonetic purposes.
a pudding made of cereals, dried and fresh fruits, nuts, sugar and spices, referred to as "Noah's pudding."
a drink of beaten yogurt, cold water and salt.
a medium soft brined cheese.
filled pastries in various shapes, baked, fried, or grilled.
grated cucumber with diluted yogurt, garlic, salt, sprinkled with dill and olive oil.
a tapered cup with long handle for making Turkish coffee.
any filled or stuffed vegetable. The term means to stuff, the most famous filled grape leaves
a sweetmeat dessert of flour, semolina, butter, sugar, milk, and nuts.
finely shredded pastry used to make a dessert. It looks like shredded wheat cereal.
lamb cut into small cubes, braised and browned, for use in stews.
any dish made with ground meats, or bulgar and rice meat mixture; skewered, baked, and fried versions exist.
roasted and dried chickpeas used an appetizer much like salted nuts; yellow salted, unsalted, white or mastic leblebi is common.
Turkish delight, made of sugar, cornstarch, gelatin, grape juice and flavoring agents.
small pastries filled with minced meat, similar to ravioli, but very small.
: a long smooth rolling pin, tapered, 24-32 inched long, used to roll flatbreads and filo.
similar to stuffed vegetables, only fried, and filled with browned spices then simmered.
heavily spiced sun dried beef
grape molasses used like molasses
a flattened, oval bread served plain, or meat filled. "Turkish pizza"
a bean dish cooked in olive oil, served cold with lemon.
any kind of dried bean salad with egg and vegetable.
the curved griddle used to cook yufka, filo, or borek
a bean dish cooked in olive oil, served cold with lemon
any kind of dried bean salad with egg and vegetable
any dish of wrapped leaves of grape, or cabbage; fillings are either minced meat or rice.
a preserved meat product similar to pepperoni, made of lamb and beef.
the ground berries of the edible sumac, used to give a tart lemon taste to food.
commonly known as shis kebab in the west, pieces of meat or kofte formed around skewers and grilled
a beehive shaped oven in the wall or free standing, used to cook pide and other breads.
the Turkish work for sweets, or desserts.
a sauce of egg with lemon juice, used in some koftes, dolmas and vegetable dishes.
yufka: ready made thin flatbread made upon a sac.
General Food Terms
aci: hot or bitter
ak ekmek: white bread
az pishmish: rare
az shekerli: slightly sweet
bardak: drinking glass
beyaz: white, as in white beans
beyaz sharap: white wine
buzlu chay: ice tea
buzlu su: ice water
dolma: stuffed vegetable
dondurma: ice cream
findik: filbert or hazelnut
gazo: soda drink
guvech: earthenware casserole
ham sheker: brown sugar
kara biber: black pepper
kayisi : apricot
kizartma: browned in oil
mutfak: kitchen or cuisine
orta: medium, as in medium sweet coffee
orata shekerli: medium sweet, as in sweetened coffee
pazar: farmer's market
pilaki: dish with olive oil and onions, served room temperature
sakiz: the resin from the mastic tree, Turkish term
soguk: cold (silent g)
sulu yemek: home cooking
tava: frying pan, food which had been breaded and fried
yarim porsiyon: half, a regular size portion
yeshil: green as in green peppers
yeshil zeytin: green olive
zeytinagli: olive oil